These burrowing rodents live and feed primarily underground. Pocket gophers eat roots, bulbs, and plants that they pull down into their burrows. They can kill shrubs, vines, and trees by eating most of the roots and girdling the underground part of the trunk or stems. Damaged plants wilt, sometimes on only one side. Pocket gophers are solitary and fiercely territorial, so only one gopher inhabits a run system at a time. They are also quite active and seem to be constantly digging new tunnels. The crescent-shape mounds of soil they leave on the surface are excavated from new runs. Their tunnels sometimes drain off irrigation ditches or basins so the water does not irrigate the intended soil area.
To prevent gophers from damaging your lawn or garden use Ortho® Animal B Gon® All Purpose Animal Repellent.<br/> Additional options include: Traps: Find the main runway by probing with a sharp rod about a foot deep near a fresh mound or an eaten plant. Dig a hole to intersect the run, and insert two wire or box traps in the run, one facing in each direction. Tie the traps together or to a stake above ground. To keep soil from falling on the traps, cover the hole with sod or a board, and sprinkle with soil to block out all light. Check and move the traps daily. Although only one gopher occupies a burrow system at a time, a migrating gopher will move into an abandoned burrow. Level all the mounds, and watch for signs that the burrow has been reoccupied.