Groundhogs are rodents. They are found as far north as Alaska, with their habitat extending southeast to Georgia. Groundhogs are covered with two coats of fur: a dense grey undercoat and a longer coat of banded guard hairs that gives the groundhog its distinctive "frosted" appearance. Groundhogs are excellent burrowers, using burrows for sleeping, rearing young, and hibernating. They are one of the few species that enter into true hibernation, and often build a separate winter burrow for this purpose. This burrow is usually in a wooded or brushy area and is dug below the frost line and remains at a stable temperature well above freezing during the winter months. In most areas, groundhogs hibernate from October to March or April, but in more temperate areas, they may hibernate as little as 3 months. They are mostly herbivores, meaning they will eat wild grasses and other vegetation, including berries and agricultural/garden crops.
To prevent groundhogs from damaging your lawn or garden use Ortho® Animal B Gon® All Purpose Animal Repellent according to label instructions. Additional options include: Use a chicken wire fence. Bend the chicken wire into an L shape and extend this across the ground for 6 to 12 inches. Loosely secure the chicken wire so that it's unstable. Doing this keeps the groundhogs from burrowing under the fence and climbing over the fence. Trap and relocate the groundhogs. There are a variety of traps designed to humanely capture groundhogs. Once you have one trapped, relocate it to another location. Use the traps after the baby groundhogs are able to take care of themselves or they may starve to death.