Types of Ticks: Identify and Control Ticks
Learn how to identify and control common tick species.
There are hundreds of tick species worldwide, but only a small percentage of them make their home in the United States. Of these, four are most common: the deer tick (black-legged tick), American dog tick, brown dog tick, and lone star tick.
Why Some Ticks Are Dangerous
Some ticks can transmit pathogens that can lead to different types of diseases. Some of the most common diseases include Lyme disease, tularemia, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and ehrlichiosis. Not all ticks carry or are infected with a disease-causing pathogen. Sometimes the most problematic element of a tick bite is the swelling and pain it can cause at the bite site. A bite can also lead to a rash, blisters, and possibly a burning sensation. Bites that lead to infection could cause a person to have difficulty breathing as well as nausea, fever, chills, headaches, chills, and swollen lymph nodes.
Types of Ticks
Ticks have three life stages: larval, nymph, and adult. Each of these stages requires a blood meal. In some cases, a tick might take up to three days to complete its meal before it will detach from its host. Ticks are most often found near wooded or brush-filled areas. They can also be found in areas with lots of weeds or tall grasses, like meadows. Here’s how to identify some of the most common types of ticks.
There are several things you can do to help guard against ticks.
- Keep deer away. If you live in a rural area or your property is frequently visited by deer, you should consider using deer repellents or installing a fence to keep them off your property.
- Protect yourself. When working outside in the yard or going for a hike, wear a long-sleeved, light-colored shirt and long pants tucked into your socks, and use an EPA-approved personal repellent designed specifically for humans. After being outside, check yourself from head to toe for ticks that may have found a bit of unprotected skin to latch onto.
- Protect your pets. Ask your veterinarian about effective, pet-friendly tick-control treatments, and check your pets thoroughly for ticks after they’ve been outside.
- Protect your yard. You can help keep ticks from taking up residence in your gardens and landscapes by cutting back tall grasses and weeds and treating with Ortho® Home Defense® Insect Killer for Lawn & Landscape. It will provide 3 months of protection against the American dog tick. Treat your lawn with Ortho® Home Defense® Insect Killer for Lawns Granules to kill ticks and protect against American dog ticks and brown dog ticks for up to 3 months.
If you do get bit by a tick and experience symptoms that include a bulls-eye rash, headache, fever, fatigue, or joint pain and stiffness, visit your healthcare provider immediately for evaluation and treatment.